Peterhead was founded in 1593 by the 5th
Earl Marischal, George Keith, whose family were responsible for the continued construction and growth of the town for over a century. The town was built with pink granite quarried locally using convict labour supplied by the local prison. The year 1716 brought about the exile of the Keith family for permitting the secret landing of the Old Pretender.
After Aberdeen the town is the second biggest in the Northeast of Scotland. The town has two museums, the Arbuthnott Museum in St. Peter Street and the Peterhead Maritime Heritage Museum on South Road. In both you will discover the history of the town and its local industry, recalling the active whaling and herring industries. Ugie Fish House is both the oldest remaining building in the town and the oldest working fish house in Scotland. The building dates from 1585 and you can watch fish being smoked in the traditional fashion, before buying the finished product. Doric, the distinctive ancient dialect of the Northeast, is still in frequent use today among the locals, especially by the older generation.
The town's harbour is the busiest white fish port in Europe and is always busy with large sea vessels continuously coming and going. The area surrounding Peterhead, is worth exploring, especially the coastline with splendid beaches and nature reserves, Cruden Bay to the South and Loch of Strathbeg Nature Reserve to the North, an RSPB site with a bustling variety of birds and other animals.